Osteopathy is a philosophy, a science, and an art of treatment that believes strongly in the innate healing power of the body. It also regards all aspects of being human as interconnected, and therefore uses a whole-person approach to health, as opposed to a symptom centered approach.
One of the fundamental principles of Osteopathy is that structure governs function. This implies that all systems of the body, the musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, neurological, cranial and visceral, are functionally connected. In health, the body is able to maintain a balance within and between each of these. However, due to lesion (trauma/overuse) in muscular tissue of the back for example, joint mobility in this segment of the spine might become limited. This lack of movement eventually leads to further tissue restriction, which could impede with neural communication to neighboring organs, like the digestive tract. Thus, a lack of functionality in the digestive system could be the result of a restriction in the spine. The reverse could also be true...
An Osteopath uses a wide array of manual therapy skills, and a detailed knowledge of anatomy, physiology and biomechanics, to remove restrictions to vascular, neural, musculoskeletal and visceral structures that are responsible for the experience of ill-health symptoms of pain, dis-ease or dysfunction. The ultimate goal of these normalization techniques is to restore functional balance and the body’s integrity to self-regulate.
Other principles underlying the practice of Osteopathy are:
Treatment is therefore aimed at improving the flow of blood, lymph and cerebrospinal fluid, supporting the nervous system, mobilizing joints, and reducing inflammation, through the use of gentle, manual Osteopathic techniques. Since the nervous system is in control of healing and restoration, Osteopathic manual therapy always aims to stimulate the parasympathetic part of the nervous system, which makes the treatment experience very relaxing for patients.
The use of an holistic approach in Osteopathy also includes positive advice about nutritional and lifestyle habits that might be perpetuating or causing the patient's condition. A further principle of Osteopathy is that there is always a psychosomatic component to disease, either as a manifestation of disease or as a contributing factor of disease. Because of the importance of this mind-body connection, Osteopathic practice esteems that emotional healing must accompany physical healing, and will encourage patients to become aware of and assess their emotional health and thought life. If more in-depth professional help is needed in this regard, a patient will be referred to the appropriate practitioner.
Osteopathy was officially founded on June 22, 1874, by physician and surgeon Andrew Taylor Still from Kirksville, Missouri. Dr Still arrived at this new perspective of healing through a long series of discoveries and ideas which started at age 10 and spanned decades. Andrew's father, Abram was a Methodist Traveling Preacher and doctor (as was expected of Methodist preachers of the time), and moved his family to the poor Frontier of America, Virginia and Kansas. Scratching out a living in Missouri, the Stills got use to living a very simple and humble live, and young Andrew learned a lot about nature. Although Dr. Still later studied anatomy in books, he once said “the Great Book of Nature was my main teacher”. Here he also got exposed to the Shawnee Indians, whom his parents were ministering too. It is postulated that their knowledge of nature and forms of healing also contributed to his later discoveries.
Although Andrew was later trained as a medical doctor, he became troubled by the realization that medical treatments of that time were largely ineffective and in many cases, harmful. It was after loosing four children in one month, three dying from Meningitis (from his first wife Mary who died in 1859), and his 11-months old baby (from second wife Mary Elvira) dying from Pneumonia, that both Dr. Still and wife Mary Elvira pledged to work together to find a way to provide better healthcare to people. His goal was to restore the body to optimum health with minimal surgery and medicine, and would eventually incorporate mind, body and spirit into his method of healing and treatment of patients.
Dr. Still founded the American School of Osteopathy in 1892. A student of his, John M. Littlejohn moved back to Britain with his family in 1913, and helped found the British School of Osteopathy. From England, schools of Osteopathy were later founded in Europe and other parts of the world. In the British and European schools, Osteopathy has stayed true to its manual therapy origins. In the United States, training of osteopaths has evolved to align more closely with conventional medical training and manual therapy techniques are less often seen as a primary therapy approach.
As X-competitive rugby player who endured many traumas on the field, I was left with lots of damage on musculoskeletal and neurological levels. My personal journey of recovering from these over the more than 20 years since my rugby career ended, has allowed me to gain expert knowledge of a vast array of therapeutic systems or disciplines. This experience taught me that no other discipline of health care or therapy uses such a wide range of manual therapy skills as is taught in Osteopathy.
I certainly found the principle of structure governing function to be true in my body, as I've struggled for years with digestive issues and insomnia as a result of damage and strain to soft tissue and joints of the spine, as well as trauma to the cranium. Addressing these issues with the holistic approach of Osteopathy has proven to bring the best lasting results for me, not only on a structural level, but also on a functional level.
Even before being introduced to Osteopathy, my professional experience of around two decades as player, sports coach, movement trainer and manual therapist, led me to the understanding that an holistic approach that addresses the needs of an athlete on all levels, brings best sustainable results. Osteopathy was the only therapeutic discipline that spoke a similar language to what the university of life already taught me about the most effective way. It was therefore the logical next step for me to embrace what Osteopathy has to offer. I am very grateful that God provided for me to learn these skills.
The Osteopathic studies I did is based on the European style (as is practiced in Southern European countries and Canada), which is a very gentle approach to restoring balance in the body. Although the qualifications at National University of Medical Sciences (Spain) lays a strong scientific emphasize on Orthopedics (as in the British schools of Osteopathy), I was also taught all the traditional Osteopathic manual therapy skills, including Visceral and Cranial therapy.
"The human spirit controls the human mind, and the human mind controls the human body, for better or for worse."
As owner of Movement & Wellness, it is my passion to equip people with functional solutions to overcome chronic pain and recurring injury, and to optimize wellness and sustainable sports performance.
Kobus du Plessis
Osteopathic Manual Therapist
28 Heugh Road, Walmer
6070, Port Elizabeth
Tel: +27-(0)74 736 5441